UNEARNED REVENUE LÀ GÌ

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Deferred revenues, or unearned revenue, are payments made in advance by customers for products yet to lớn deliver or services yet lớn render.

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Such payments are a liability for the company that receives them since it still owes its customers these products or services. The company cannot report them on the current Profit và Loss statement, or Income Statement, since the payments will be effectively earned in the future.

These future revenues must be deferred on the company’s balance sheet until the moment in time they can be recognized, at once or over a defined period, on the Profit and Loss statement.

For example, let’s say we sell a five-year extended warranty for $ 350. We already receive the money now but haven’t earned it yet. Therefore, we post this new income in a deferred revenue account và decide khổng lồ recognize it on a yearly basis. Each year, for the next 5 years, $ 70 will be recognized as revenue.

Odoo Accounting handles deferred revenues by spreading them in multiple entries that are automatically created in draft mode and then posted periodically.

 Note

The server checks once a day if an entry must be posted. It might then take up to 24 hours before you see a change from draft to posted.

Prerequisites

Such transactions must be posted on a Deferred Revenue Account rather than on the default income account.

Configure a Deferred Revenue Account

To configure your account in the Chart of Accounts, go to Accounting ‣ Configuration ‣ Chart of Accounts, click on Create, và fill out the form.

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 Note

This account’s type must be either Current Liabilities or Non-current Liabilities

Post an income to the right account

Select the trương mục on a draft invoice

On a draft invoice, select the right tài khoản for all the products of which the incomes must be deferred.

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Choose a different Income account for specific products

Start editing the product, go to lớn the Accounting tab, select the right Income Account, và save.

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 Tip

It is possible lớn automate the creation of revenue entries for these products (see: Automate the Deferred Revenues).

Change the tài khoản of a posted journal item

To do so, mở cửa your Sales Journal by going to Accounting ‣ Accounting ‣ Sales, select the journal sản phẩm you want to lớn modify, click on the account, & select the right one.

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Deferred Revenues entries

Create a new entry

Deferred Revenues entry automatically generates all journal entries in draft mode. They are then posted one by one at the right time until the full amount of the income is recognized.

To create a new entry, go to Accounting ‣ Accounting ‣ Deferred Revenues, click on Create, và fill out the form.

Click on select related purchases to liên kết an existing journal công trình to this new entry. Some fields are then automatically filled out, & the journal chiến thắng is now listed under the Related Sales tab.

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Once done, you can click on Compute Revenue (next to the Confirm button) lớn generate all the values of the Revenue Board. This board shows you all the entries that Odoo will post khổng lồ recognize your revenue, & at which date.

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What does “Prorata Temporis” mean?

The Prorata Temporis feature is useful to lớn recognize your revenue the most accurately possible.

With this feature, the first entry on the Revenue Board is computed based on the time left between the Prorata Date and the First Recognition Date rather than the default amount of time between recognitions.

For example, the Revenue Board above has its first revenue with an amount of $ 4.22 rather than $ 70.00. Consequently, the last entry is also lower và has an amount of $ 65.78.

Deferred Entry from the Sales Journal

You can create a deferred entry from a specific journal tác phẩm in your Sales Journal.

To bởi so, open your Sales Journal by going to Accounting ‣ Accounting ‣ Sales, & select the journal thành tựu you want khổng lồ defer. Make sure that it is posted in the right account (see: Change the trương mục of a posted journal item).

Then, click on Action, select Create Deferred Entry, & fill out the khung the same way you would vày to create a new entry.

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Deferred Revenue Models

You can create Deferred Revenue Models to create your Deferred Revenue entries faster.

To create a model, go to Accounting ‣ Configuration ‣ Deferred Revenue Models, click on Create, và fill out the form the same way you would do to create a new entry.

 Tip

You can also convert a confirmed Deferred Revenue entry into a model by opening it from Accounting ‣ Accounting ‣ Deferred Revenues and then, by clicking on the button Save Model.

Apply a Deferred Revenue mã sản phẩm to a new entry

When you create a new Deferred Revenue entry, fill out the Deferred Revenue Account with the right recognition account.

New buttons with all the models linked to lớn that tài khoản appear at the đứng đầu of the form. Clicking on a mã sản phẩm button fills out the khung according to lớn that model.

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Automate the Deferred Revenues

When you create or edit an trương mục of which the type is either Current Liabilities or Non-current Liabilities, you can configure it to defer the revenues that are credited on it automatically.

You have three choices for the Automate Deferred Revenue field:

No: this is the mặc định value. Nothing happens.

Create in draft: whenever a transaction is posted on the account, a draft Deferred Revenues entry is created, but not validated. You must first fill out the form in Accounting ‣ Accounting ‣ Deferred Revenues.

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 Tip

You can, for example, select this account as the default Income Account of a hàng hóa to fully automate its sale. (see: Choose a different Income trương mục for specific products).